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SFCEBM Tutor Sesh Notes
Ryan & Austin

We listed everything out in chronological order as it appears in the video.  If we missed anything just let us know.


Austin’s List of Questions

Dépret, F., Peacock, W. F., Liu, K. D., Rafique, Z., Rossignol, P. & Legrand, M.  (2019).  Management of hyperkalemia in the acutely ill patient.  Annals of Intensive Care, 9(1), 32. doi: 10.1186/s13613-019-0509-8. [pdf] [web]

Jagodzinski, N. A., Weerasinghe, C. & Porter, K.  Crush injuries and crush syndrome — a review. Part 1: the systemic injury.  Trauma, 12(2), 69-88.  doi:10.1177/1460408610372440  [pdf] [web]

Internet Book of Critical Care

Chapter on Calcium Channel Blocker (CCB) & Beta-Blocker (BB) Overdose

Chapter on Hyperkalemia

Ng, K. E. & Lee, C.  (2017).  Updated treatment options in the management of hyperkalemia.  US Pharmacist.  Retrieved from [pdf] [web]

Grossman, D. (2020).  Stop giving amps of bicarb!  Maimonides Emergency Medicine Blog.  Retrieved from  [pdf] [web]

Adava-Andany, M. M., Fernandez-Fernandez, C., Mourino-Bayolo, D., Castro-Quintela, E. & Dominguez-Montero, A.  (2014).  Sodium bicarbonate therapy in patients with metabolic acidosis.  The Scientific World Journal, 24.  doi:  [pdf] [web]

Mirrakhimov, A. E., Ayach, T., Barbaryan, A., Talari, G., Chadha, R. & Gray, A. (2017).  The role of sodium bicarbonate in the management of some toxic ingestions.  International Journal of Nephrology.  doi:  [pdf] [web]

Weingart, S.  (2019).  EmCrit 257 – Pulseless Electrical Activity (PEA) is Stupid.  EmCrit.  [Podcast].  Retrieed from  [web]

Helman, A.  Episode 169 Cardiac Arrest Controversies Part 1: CPR, Defib, Medications, Airway.  EM Cases.  Retrieved from  [web]  [notes]  [notes pdf]

Carunchio, M.  (2022).  The “recipe medic.”  The World's Okayest Medic Podcast.  [spotify]  [apple]

University of Arizona Health Sciences Center. (2009).  Cardiac arrest resuscitation: passive oxygen flow better than assisted ventilation.  ScienceDaily.  Retrieved from  [pdf] [web]

Henlin, T., Michalek, P., Tyll, T., Hinds, J. D., Dobias, M.  Oxygenation, ventilation, and airway management in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a review.  BioMed Research International.  doi:  [pdf] [web]

Newell, C., Grier, S. & Soar, J.  (2018).  Airway and ventilation management during cardiopulmonary resuscitation and after successful resuscitation. Critical Care, 22(190). doi:  [pdf] [web]

Benger, J. R., Kirby, K., Black, S., et al.  Effect of a strategy of a supraglottic airway device vs tracheal intubation during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest on functional outcome: the AIRWAYS-2 randomized clinical trial.  JAMA, 320(8), 779–791.  doi:10.1001/jama.2018.11597  [pdf] [web]

Buttner, R. & Burns, E.  (2022).  Pre-excitation syndromes.  Life in the Fast Lane.  Retrieved from  [web]

Ali, R., Tahir, A., Nadeem, M., et al.  (2018).  Antidromic atrioventricular reentry tachycardia with Wolff Parkinson White Syndrome: a rare beast.  Cureus, 10(5): e2642. doi:10.7759/cureus.2642  [pdf] [web]


Buttner, R. & Burns, E.  (2022).  VT versus SVT.  Life in the Fast Lane.  Retrieved from  [web]

Sneath, P.  (2019).  Sirens to scrubs:  Wolfe-Parkinson-White Syndrome.  CanadiEM.  Retrieved from  [web]

Ali, A., Butt, N. & Sheikh, A. S.  (2015).  Early repolarization syndrome: a cause of sudden cardiac death.  World Journal of Cardiology, 7(8), 466-475.  doi: 10.4330/wjc.v7.i8.466  [pdf] [web]

EmCrit Clinical Recommended Reading

DeAugustinis, K.  (2015).  Lidocaine prior to rapid sequence intubation in patients with traumatic brain injuries.  Evidence-Based Medicine Consults.  Retrieved from  [web]

Kramer, N., Lebowitz, D., Walsh, M., et al.  (2018).  Rapid sequence intubation in traumatic brain-injured ddults.  Cureus, 10(4), e2530.  doi:10.7759/cureus.2530  [pdf] [web]

Rowe, B. H., Bretzlaff, J., Bourdon, C., Bota, G., Blitz, S. & Camargo Jr., C. A. Magnesium sulfate for treating exacerbations of acute asthma in the emergency department.  Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.  doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD001490  [pdf] [web]

Sancho, F. C. & Romero, J. A. P.  (2019).  Evaluación del sulfato de magnesio en el tratamiento del broncoespasmo.  Revista Cubana de Anestesiología y Reanimación, 18(3), e522  [pdf] [web]


Erumbala, G., Anzar, S., Tonbari, A., Salem, R. & Powell, C.  (2021).  Stating the obvious: intravenous magnesium sulphate should be the first parenteral bronchodilator in paediatric asthma exacerbations unresponsive to first-line therapy.  Breathe, 17(4).  doi:  10.1183/20734735.0113-2021  [pdf] [web]



Panos Zanos, Ruin Moaddel, Patrick J. Morris, Lace M. Riggs, Jaclyn N. Highland, Polymnia Georgiou, Edna F. R. Pereira, Edson X. Albuquerque, Craig J. Thomas, Carlos A. Zarate and Todd D. Gould.  (2018).  Ketamine and Ketamine metabolite pharmacology.  Pharmacological Reviews, 70(3), 621-660.  doi:  [pdf] [web]


Anderson, L. W., Mackenhauer, K., Roberts, J. C., Berg, K. M., Cocchi, M. N. & Donnino, M. W.  (2013).  Etiology and therapeutic approach to elevated lactate levels.  Mayo Clinical Proceedings, 88(10), 1127-1140.  doi:  [pdf] [web]

Chou, Y. H., Chu, T. S. & Lin, S. L. Role of renin-angiotensin system in acute kidney injury-chronic kidney disease transition.  Nephrology, 23(Suppl 4), 121-125.  doi: 10.1111/nep.13467  [pdf] [web]

Virani, S. A., Khosla, A. & Levin, A. Chronic kidney disease, heart failure and anemia.  Canadian Journal of Cardiology, 24(Suppl B), 22B-4B.  doi: 10.1016/s0828-282x(08)71026-2  [pdf] [web]

Hambright, P.  (2022).  A man in his 60s with dizziness, nausea, chest pain, and LBBB.  Dr. Smith’s ECG Blog.  Retrieved from  [web]

Vihonen, H., Kuisma, M., Salo, A., Ångerman, S., Pietiläinen, K. & Nurmi. J. (2019).  Mechanisms of early glucose regulation disturbance after out-of-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation: An explorative prospective study. PLoS One, 14(3):e0214209.  doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0214209  [pdf] [web]


Johnston, L. & Kwon, S. H.  Moving from controversy to consensus: premedication for neonatal intubation.  Journal of Perinatology, 38(6), 611-613.  doi: 10.1038/s41372-018-0115-x  [pdf] [web]

OpenStax Homepage

Anatomy and Physiology Text

Chapter 19, Section 1: Heart Anatomy

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