This here page includes links to all the things referenced in our video entitled "Stylets and Bougies for Kiddos" which can be found on the YouTubes or via this link.  We've organized it all into a few general categories and then chronologically within each category.  Reach out with any questions!

Papers Referenced

Online Resources Mentioned

Funny Things

Where We Got Photos/ Images


Papers Referenced

(these are in chronological order as they appear in the video, fyi)


Driver, B. E. et al. (2018).  Effect of use of a bougie vs endotracheal tube and stylet on first-attempt intubation success among patients with difficult airways undergoing emergency intubation: A randomized clinical trial.  Journal of the American Medical Association, 319(21), 2179-2189.  doi: 10.1001/jama.2018.6496  [web] [pdf]


Latimer, A. J. et al. (2020).  Routine use of a bougie improves first-attempt intubation success in the out-of-hospital setting.  Annals of Emergency Medicine, 77(3), 296-304.  [web] [pdf]


Driver, B. E. et al. (2021).  Effect of use of a bougie vs endotracheal tube with stylet on successful intubation on the first attempt among critically ill patients undergoing tracheal intubation: A randomized clinical trial.  Journal of the American Medical Association.  [Published online].  doi: 10.1001/jama.2021.22002  [web] [pdf]


Gray, M. M. et al. (2021).  Associations of stylet use during neonatal intubation with intubation success, adverse events, and severe desaturation: A report from NEAR4NEOS.  Neonatology, 118, 470-478.  doi: 10.1159/000515872  [web] [pdf]


O'Shea, J. E. et al. (2017).  Orotracheal intubation in infants performed with a stylet versus without a stylet.  Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.  doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD011791.pub2  [web] [pdf]


Komasawa, N. et al. (2015).  Utility of a gum-elastic bougie for difficult airway management in infants: A simulation-based crossover analysis.  BioMed Research International. 0.1155/2015/617805  [web] [pdf]


Sakhuja, P. et al. (2019).  Association of pneumothorax with use of a bougie for endotracheal intubation in a neonate.  Journal of Pediatrics and Child Health, 55, 374-376.  [Letters to the editor].  doi:10.1111/jpc.14381  [web] [pdf]


Berisha, G. et al. (2021).  Management of the unexpected difficult airway in neonatal resuscitation.  Frontiers in Pediatrics, 9(699159).  doi: 10.3389/fped.2021.699159  [web] [pdf]


Lee, J. et al. (2021).  Effects of tip-manipulated stylet angle on intubation using the GlideScope videolaryngoscope in children: A prospective randomized controlled trial.  Pediatric Anesthesia, 31, 802-808.  doi: 10.1111/pan.14206  [web] [pdf]


Walas, W. et al. (2019).  The management of unanticipated difficult airways in children of all age groups in anaesthetic practice - The position paper of an expert panel.  Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine, 27(87).  [web] [pdf]


Bonnette, A. J. et al. (2021).  Bougie-assisted endotracheal intubation in the pragmatic airway resuscitation trial.  Resuscitation, 158, 215-219.  doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2020.11.003  [web] [pdf]


Lepa, N. et al. (2021).  Comparison of hyperangulated and standard geometry video laryngoscopy tracheal intubation for prehospital care in a manikin: A randomized controlled crossover trial.  Air Medical Journal, 40, 317-321.  [web] [pdf]


Where We Got Photos/ Images

Each of these thumbnails is a link to the original page where we found the thing.  All the other graphics are either linked above in the references mentioned in the video or ones that we made/ took.

broselow from jems article.png
straight tip neo bougie in 2.0.png
coude tip neo bougie with other sirways.png
various bougie tips.png
vygon neo bougie.png
anatomy differences.png